Rehabilitation System refers to a system of interventions designed to optimize functioning and reduce disability in individuals with health conditions in interaction with their environment. Simply put, Rehabilitation enables a child, adult, or older person to be as independent as possible in daily activities and to participate in education, work, recreation, and meaningful life roles such as caring for family members. It accomplishes this by addressing underlying conditions (such as pain) and improving an individual’s daily functioning, assisting them in overcoming difficulties with thinking, seeing, hearing, communicating, eating, or moving around. Anyone may require Rehabilitation at some point in their lives, whether as a result of an injury, surgery, disease, or illness, or because their functioning has deteriorated with age.
Here are some examples of Rehabilitation:
- Exercises designed to improve a person’s speech, language, and communication following a brain injury.
- Improving an elderly person’s safety and independence at home, as well as lowering their risk of falling.
- Exercise training and education on healthy living for a heart disease patient.
- Creating, fitting, and instructing a person on how to use a prosthesis following a leg amputation.
- Positioning and splinting techniques to aid skin healing, reduce swelling, and restore movement following burn surgery.
- Providing medication to a child with cerebral palsy in order to reduce muscle stiffness.
- Psychological support for a person suffering from depression.
- Instruction in the use of a white can
Rehabilitation System : What is it?
Rehabilitation is very person-centered, which means that the interventions and approaches chosen for each individual are determined by their goals and preferences. Rehabilitation can be provided in a variety of settings, including inpatient or outpatient hospital settings, private clinics, and community settings such as a person’s home.
Physiotherapists, occupational therapists, speech and language therapists and audiologists, orthotists and prosthetists, clinical psychologists, physical medicine and Rehabilitation doctors, and Rehabilitation nurses comprise the Rehabilitation workforce.
Benefits of Rehabilitation
Rehabilitation can help to lessen the severity of a wide range of health conditions, such as diseases (acute or chronic), illnesses, or injuries. It can also be used in conjunction with other health interventions, such as medical and surgical interventions, to help achieve the best possible outcome. Moreover, rehabilitation can help to reduce, manage, or prevent complications associated with a variety of health conditions, such as spinal cord injury, stroke, or fracture.
Rehabilitation is also a cost-benefit analysis system for both individuals and society. It can aid in the avoidance of costly hospitalization, the reduction of hospital length of stay, and the prevention of re-admissions. Individuals can also participate in education and gainful employment, remain independent at home, and reduce their reliance on financial or caregiver support through Rehabilitation. Rehabilitation is an crucial component of universal health coverage and a key strategy for achieving SDG.
Rehabilitation is not just for people who have long-term or physical disabilities. Rehabilitation, on the other hand, is a core health service for anyone with an acute or chronic health condition, impairment, or injury that limits functioning, and as such, it should be available to anyone who requires it. Rehabilitation is not a high-priced health-care service available only to the wealthy. It is also not a service to be used only when other methods of preventing or curing a health condition have failed.
To realize the full extent of Rehabilitation’s social, economic, and health benefits, timely, high-quality, and affordable Rehabilitation System interventions must be made available to all. In many cases, this entails beginning Rehabilitation as soon as a health condition is identified and continuing Rehabilitation alongside other health interventions.